Reference List

VO2max Testing

Balady, G.J., Arena, R., Sietsema, K., Myers, J., Coke, L., Fletcher, G.F., Forman, D., Franklin, B., Guazzi, M., Gulati, M., Keteyian, S.J., Lavie, C.J., Macko, R., Mancini, D., Milani, R.V., on behalf of the American Heart Association Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Epidemiology and Prevention, Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease, Interdisciplinary Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research, 2010. Clinician’s Guide to Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Adults: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation 122, 191–225. doi:10.1161/CIR.0b013e3181e52e69

Beaver, W.L., Wasserman, K., Whipp, B.J., 1986. A new method for detecting anaerobic threshold by gas exchange. Journal of applied physiology 60, 2020–2027.

Bergman, B.C., Brooks, G.A., 1999. Respiratory gas-exchange ratios during graded exercise in fed and fasted trained and untrained men. Journal of Applied Physiology 86, 479–487.

Binder, R.K., Wonisch, M., Corra, U., Cohen-Solal, A., Vanhees, L., Saner, H., Schmid, J.-P., 2008. Methodological approach to the first and second lactate threshold in incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing: European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation 15, 726–734. doi:10.1097/HJR.0b013e328304fed4

Brooks, G.A., Mercier, J., 1994. Balance of carbohydrate and lipid utilization during exercise: the“ crossover” concept. Journal of Applied Physiology 76, 2253–2261.

Cottin, F., Leprêtre, P.-M., Lopes, P., Papelier, Y., Médigue, C., Billat, V., 2006. Assessment of Ventilatory Thresholds from Heart Rate Variability in Well-Trained Subjects during Cycling. International Journal of Sports Medicine 27, 959–967. doi:10.1055/s-2006-923849

Cottin, F., Médigue, C., Lopes, P., Leprêtre, P.-M., Heubert, R., Billat, V., 2007. Ventilatory Thresholds Assessment from Heart Rate Variability during an Incremental Exhaustive Running Test. International Journal of Sports Medicine 28, 287–294. doi:10.1055/s-2006-924355

Edvardsen, E., Hansen, B.H., Holme, I.M., Dyrstad, S.M., Anderssen, S.A., 2013. Reference Values for Cardiorespiratory Response and Fitness on the Treadmill in a 20- to 85-Year-Old Population. Chest 144, 241–248. doi:10.1378/chest.12-1458

Goedecke, J.H., Gibson, A.S.C., Grobler, L., Collins, M., Noakes, T.D., Lambert, E.V., 2000. Determinants of the variability in respiratory exchange ratio at rest and during exercise in trained athletes. American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology And Metabolism 279, E1325–E1334.

Goodwin, M.L., Harris, J.E., Hernández, A., Gladden, L.B., 2007. Blood lactate measurements and analysis during exercise: a guide for clinicians. Journal of diabetes science and technology 1, 558–569.

Kaminsky, L.A., Arena, R., Myers, J., 2015. Reference Standards for Cardiorespiratory Fitness Measured With Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 90, 1515–1523. doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2015.07.026

Klika, R.J., Callahan, K.E., Drum, S.N., 2009. Individualized 12-Week Exercise Training Programs Enhance Aerobic Capacity of Cancer Survivors. The Physician and Sportsmedicine 37, 68–77. doi:10.3810/psm.2009.10.1731

Loe, H., Rognmo, Ø., Saltin, B., Wisløff, U., 2013. Aerobic Capacity Reference Data in 3816 Healthy Men and Women 20–90 Years. PLoS ONE 8, e64319. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0064319

Marzouki, H., Farhani, Z., Gmada, N., Tabka, Z., Shephard, R.J., Bouhlel, E., 2014. Relative and absolute reliability of the crossover and maximum fat oxidation points during treadmill running. Science & Sports 29, e107–e114. doi:10.1016/j.scispo.2014.07.013

Milani, R.V., 2004. Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing: How Do We Differentiate the Cause of Dyspnea? Circulation 110, e27–e31. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000136811.45524.2F

Solberg, G., Robstad, B., Skjonsberg, O.H., Borchsenius, F., 2005. Respiratory gas exchange indices for estimating the anaerobic threshold. J Sports Sci Med 4, 29–36.

Weston, S.B., Gabbett, T.J., 2001. Reproducibility of ventilation of thresholds in trained cyclists during ramp cycle exercise. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 4, 357–366. doi:10.1016/S1440-2440(01)80044-X

Writing Committee, EACPR:, Guazzi, M., Adams, V., Conraads, V., Halle, M., Mezzani, A., Vanhees, L., AHA:, Arena, R., Fletcher, G.F., Forman, D.E., Kitzman, D.W., Lavie, C.J., Myers, J., 2012. Clinical recommendations for cardiopulmonary exercise testing data assessment in specific patient populations. European Heart Journal 33, 2917–2927. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehs221