Reference List

Fat and Carbohydrate

Achten, J., Jeukendrup, A., 2003. The effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate feedings on the intensity that elicits maximal fat oxidation. Journal of Sports Sciences 21, 1017–1024.

Bergman, B.C., Brooks, G.A., 1999. Respiratory gas-exchange ratios during graded exercise in fed and fasted trained and untrained men. Journal of Applied Physiology 86, 479–487.

Brooks, G.A., Mercier, J., 1994. Balance of carbohydrate and lipid utilization during exercise: the“ crossover” concept. Journal of Applied Physiology 76, 2253–2261.

ChenevièRe, X., Malatesta, D., Peters, E.M., Borrani, F., 2009. A Mathematical Model to Describe Fat Oxidation Kinetics during Graded Exercise: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 41, 1615–1625. doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e31819e2f91

Havemann, L., 2006. Fat adaptation followed by carbohydrate loading compromises high-intensity sprint performance. Journal of Applied Physiology 100, 194–202. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00813.2005

Hawley, J.A., Burke, L.M., Angus, D.J., Fallon, K.E., Martin, D.T., Febbraio, M.A., 2000. Effect of altering substrate availability on metabolism and performance during intense exercise. British Journal of Nutrition 84, 829–838.

Hellerstein, M.K., 1999. De novo lipogenesis in humans: metabolic and regulatory aspects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53, s53–s65. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600744

Institute of Medicine (U.S.), Institute of Medicine (U.S.) (Eds.), 2005. Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids. National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.

Jeukendrup, A., n.d. SSE# 106 Carbohydrate Supplementation During Exercise: Does It Help? How Much is Too Much?

Jeukendrup, A.E., 2013. Multiple transportable carbohydrates and their benefits. Sports Sci Exchange 26, 1–5.

Jeukendrup, A.E., Wallis, G.A., 2005. Measurement of Substrate Oxidation During Exercise by Means of Gas Exchange Measurements. International Journal of Sports Medicine 26, S28–S37. doi:10.1055/s-2004-830512

Jeukendrup – Effects of carbohydrate and fat supplementation on CHO metabolism during prolonged exercise.pdf, n.d.

Knuiman, P., Hopman, M.T.E., Mensink, M., 2015. Glycogen availability and skeletal muscle adaptations with endurance and resistance exercise. Nutrition & Metabolism 12. doi:10.1186/s12986-015-0055-9

Melanson, E.L., Gozansky, W.S., Barry, D.W., MacLean, P.S., Grunwald, G.K., Hill, J.O., 2009. When energy balance is maintained, exercise does not induce negative fat balance in lean sedentary, obese sedentary, or lean endurance-trained individuals. Journal of Applied Physiology 107, 1847–1856. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00958.2009

Melzer, K., 2011. Carbohydrate and fat utilization during rest and physical activity. e-SPEN, the European e-Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism 6, e45–e52. doi:10.1016/j.eclnm.2011.01.005

Sajilata, M.G., Singhal, R.S., Kulkarni, P.R., 2006. Resistant starch–a review. Comprehensive reviews in food science and food safety 5, 1–17.

Saudubray, J.M., Martin, D., De Lonlay, P., Touati, G., Poggi-Travert, F., Bonnet, D., Jouvet, P., Boutron, M., Slama, A., Vianey-Saban, C., others, 1999. Recognition and management of fatty acid oxidation defects: a series of 107 patients. Journal of inherited metabolic disease 22, 487–502.

Thompson, D.L., Townsend, K.M., Boughey, R., Patterson, K., Bassett Jr, D.R., 1998. Substrate use during and following moderate-and low-intensity exercise: implications for weight control. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology 78, 43–49.

van Loon, L.J.C., 2004. Intramyocellular triacylglycerol as a substrate source during exercise. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 63, 301–307. doi:10.1079/PNS2004347

Volek, J.S., Freidenreich, D.J., Saenz, C., Kunces, L.J., Creighton, B.C., Bartley, J.M., Davitt, P.M., Munoz, C.X., Anderson, J.M., Maresh, C.M., Lee, E.C., Schuenke, M.D., Aerni, G., Kraemer, W.J., Phinney, S.D., 2016. Metabolic characteristics of keto-adapted ultra-endurance runners. Metabolism 65, 100–110. doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2015.10.028