Reference List

Exercise and Effects on The Brain

Beltrán, F.A., Acuña, A.I., Castro, M.A., Miró, M.P., 2012. Brain energy metabolism in health and disease. INTECH Open Access Publisher.

Colcombe, S.J., Erickson, K.I., Raz, N., Webb, A.G., Cohen, N.J., McAuley, E., Kramer, A.F., 2003. Aerobic fitness reduces brain tissue loss in aging humans. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 58, M176–M180.

Cotman, C.W., Berchtold, N.C., 2002. Exercise: a behavioral intervention to enhance brain health and plasticity. Trends in neurosciences 25, 295–301.

Cotman, C.W., Berchtold, N.C., Christie, L.-A., 2007. Exercise builds brain health: key roles of growth factor cascades and inflammation. Trends in neurosciences 30, 464–472.

Dishman, R.K., Berthoud, H.-R., Booth, F.W., Cotman, C.W., Edgerton, V.R., Fleshner, M.R., Gandevia, S.C., Gomez-Pinilla, F., Greenwood, B.N., Hillman, C.H., Kramer, A.F., Levin, B.E., Moran, T.H., Russo-Neustadt, A.A., Salamone, J.D., van Hoomissen, J.D., Wade, C.E., York, D.A., Zigmond, M.J., 2006. Neurobiology of Exercise. Obesity 14, 345–356. doi:10.1038/oby.2006.46

Dupuy, O., Gauthier, C.J., Fraser, S.A., Desjardins-Crèpeau, L., Desjardins, M., Mekary, S., Lesage, F., Hoge, R.D., Pouliot, P., Bherer, L., 2015. Higher levels of cardiovascular fitness are associated with better executive function and prefrontal oxygenation in younger and older women. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00066

Lambourne, K., 2006. The Relationship Between Working Memory Capacity and Physical Activity Rates in Young Adults. J Sports Sci Med 5, 149–153.

Magistretti, P.J., Allaman, I., 2015. A Cellular Perspective on Brain Energy Metabolism and Functional Imaging. Neuron 86, 883–901. doi:

Mattson, M.P., 2012. Energy Intake and Exercise as Determinants of Brain Health and Vulnerability to Injury and Disease. Cell Metabolism 16, 706–722. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2012.08.012

Morris, G., Berk, M., Walder, K., Maes, M., 2015. Central pathways causing fatigue in neuro-inflammatory and autoimmune illnesses. BMC Medicine 13, 28. doi:10.1186/s12916-014-0259-2

Owen, L., Sunram-Lea, S.I., 2011. Metabolic Agents that Enhance ATP can Improve Cognitive Functioning: A Review of the Evidence for Glucose, Oxygen, Pyruvate, Creatine, and l-Carnitine. Nutrients 3, 735–755. doi:10.3390/nu3080735

Pereira, A.C., Huddleston, D.E., Brickman, A.M., Sosunov, A.A., Hen, R., McKhann, G.M., Sloan, R., Gage, F.H., Brown, T.R., Small, S.A., 2007. An in vivo correlate of exercise-induced neurogenesis in the adult dentate gyrus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104, 5638–5643.

Rottensteiner, M., Leskinen, T., Niskanen, E., Aaltonen, S., Mutikainen, S., Wikgren, J., Heikkilä, K., Kovanen, V., Kainulainen, H., Kaprio, J., Tarkka, I.M., Kujala, U.M., 2015. Physical activity, fitness, glucose homeostasis, and brain morphology in twins. Med Sci Sports Exerc 47, 509–518. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000437

Schurr, A., 2006. Lactate: the ultimate cerebral oxidative energy substrate? Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism 26, 142–152.

Winter, B., Breitenstein, C., Mooren, F.C., Voelker, K., Fobker, M., Lechtermann, A., Krueger, K., Fromme, A., Korsukewitz, C., Floel, A., others, 2007. High impact running improves learning. Neurobiology of learning and memory 87, 597–609.