Reference List

Athletes and Performance

Baiget, E., Fernández-Fernández, J., Iglesias, X., Rodríguez, F.A., 2015. Tennis Play Intensity Distribution and Relation with Aerobic Fitness in Competitive Players. PLOS ONE 10, e0131304. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0131304

Christensen, P.M., Gunnarsson, T.P., Thomassen, M., Wilkerson, D.P., Nielsen, J.J., Bangsbo, J., 2015. Unchanged content of oxidative enzymes in fast‐twitch muscle fibers and kinetics after intensified training in trained cyclists. Physiological Reports 3, e12428. doi:10.14814/phy2.12428

Cottin, F., Leprêtre, P.-M., Lopes, P., Papelier, Y., Médigue, C., Billat, V., 2006. Assessment of Ventilatory Thresholds from Heart Rate Variability in Well-Trained Subjects during Cycling. International Journal of Sports Medicine 27, 959–967. doi:10.1055/s-2006-923849

Dube, J.J., Amati, F., Stefanovic-Racic, M., Toledo, F.G.S., Sauers, S.E., Goodpaster, B.H., 2008. Exercise-induced alterations in intramyocellular lipids and insulin resistance: the athlete’s paradox revisited. AJP: Endocrinology and Metabolism 294, E882–E888. doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00769.2007

Edwards, A.M., Clark, N., Macfadyen, A.M., 2003. Lactate and ventilatory thresholds reflect the training status of professional soccer players where maximum aerobic power is unchanged. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 2, 23–29.

European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain., Muñoz, I., Cejuela, R., Seiler, S., Larumbe, E., Esteve-Lanao, J., 2014. Training-Intensity Distribution During an Ironman Season: Relationship With Competition Performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 9, 332–339. doi:10.1123/IJSPP.2012-0352

Galbraith, A., Hopker, J.G., Passfield, L., 2013. Changes in Laboratory and Field-Based Measurements in Highly Trained Endurance Runners Across a Training Year. Br J Sports Med 47, e4–e4. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2013-093073.4

Guellich, A., Seiler, S., Emrich, E., 2009. Training methods and intensity distribution of young world-class rowers. International Journal of Sport Physiology and Performance 4, 448–460.

Jeukendrup, A.E., Martin, J., 2001. Improving cycling performance. Sports Medicine 31, 559–569.

Laursen, P.B., Shing, C.M., Peake, J.M., Coombes, J.S., Jenkins, D.G., 2002. Interval training program optimization in highly trained endurance cyclists. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 1801–7.

Nutrition and Athletic Performance:, 2016. . Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 48, 543–568. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000852

Plews, D.J., Laursen, P.B., Kilding, A.E., Buchheit, M., 2012. Heart rate variability in elite triathletes, is variation in variability the key to effective training? A case comparison. European Journal of Applied Physiology 112, 3729–3741. doi:10.1007/s00421-012-2354-4

Rapoport, B.I., 2010. Metabolic Factors Limiting Performance in Marathon Runners. PLoS Computational Biology 6, e1000960. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000960

Robertson, E.Y., 2009. Physiological and Performance Effects of Altitude Training and Exposure in Elite Athletes. University of Canberra.

Roos, L., Taube, W., Zuest, P., Clénin, G., Wyss, T., 2015. Musculoskeletal Injuries and Training Patterns in Junior Elite Orienteering Athletes. BioMed Research International 2015, 1–8. doi:10.1155/2015/259531

Seiler, K.S., Kjerland, G.O., 2006. Quantifying training intensity distribution in elite endurance athletes: is there evidence for an “optimal” distribution? Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 16, 49–56. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0838.2004.00418.x

Seiler, S., Haugen, O., Kuffel, E., 2007. Autonomic Recovery after Exercise in Trained Athletes: Intensity and Duration Effects. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 39, 1366–1373. doi:10.1249/mss.0b013e318060f17d

Seipel, A., 2015. The Gas Exchange Threshold-Lactate Threshold Relationship Across Cycling Fitness Levels.

Stellingwerff, T., 2012. Case study: nutrition and training periodization in three elite marathon runners. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 22, 392–400.

Støren, Ø., Rønnestad, B.R., Sunde, A., Hansen, J., Ellefsen, S., Helgerud, J., 2013. A time saving method to assess power output at lactate threshold in well-trained and elite cyclists: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 1. doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a73e70

Tønnessen, E., Sylta, Ø., Haugen, T.A., Hem, E., Svendsen, I.S., Seiler, S., 2014. The Road to Gold: Training and Peaking Characteristics in the Year Prior to a Gold Medal Endurance Performance. PLoS ONE 9, e101796. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0101796

Trexler, E.T., Smith-Ryan, A.E., Norton, L.E., 2014. Metabolic adaptation to weight loss: implications for the athlete. J Int Soc Sport Nutr 11.

Volek, J.S., Freidenreich, D.J., Saenz, C., Kunces, L.J., Creighton, B.C., Bartley, J.M., Davitt, P.M., Munoz, C.X., Anderson, J.M., Maresh, C.M., Lee, E.C., Schuenke, M.D., Aerni, G., Kraemer, W.J., Phinney, S.D., 2016. Metabolic characteristics of keto-adapted ultra-endurance runners. Metabolism 65, 100–110. doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2015.10.028

Weston, S.B., Gabbett, T.J., 2001. Reproducibility of ventilation of thresholds in trained cyclists during ramp cycle exercise. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 4, 357–366. doi:10.1016/S1440-2440(01)80044-X

Yan, B., A, J., Wang, G., Lu, H., Huang, X., Liu, Y., Zha, W., Hao, H., Zhang, Y., Liu, L., Gu, S., Huang, Q., Zheng, Y., Sun, J., 2008. Metabolomic investigation into variation of endogenous metabolites in professional athletes subject to strength-endurance training. Journal of Applied Physiology 106, 531–538. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.90816.2008